Total Quality Management: Implementation in Teacher Training Institutions
The study investigated the extent of total quality implementation in teacher training institutes in Pakistan, selecting Institute of Education and Research (IER), University of the Punjab Lahore; University of Education (UE), Lahore; Institute of Education and Research (IER), University of Peshawar; Department of Education, International Islamic University Islamabad and Department of Education, University of Karachi as study sample. Issues such as Teacher Quality Management (TQM) implementation and its benefits were surveyed, discussed and analyzed through specifically constructed research instrument. A questionnaire was sent to the campuses of all five universities. The data were collected from 150 PhD and M Phil students teachers (30 from each university), selected through Purposive Sampling Technique. The study revealed that implementation of total quality is still limited in these universities. The findings of this research will help the management of teacher training institutes to design appropriate strategies to develop TQM culture, redefine their preferences and reallocate the resources of their institutes.