Social adjustments and Self-efficacy of University Students

  • Mushtaq Ahmad, Muhammad Nadeem Anwar & Saifullah Khan


The study carried out was aimed at finding out the relationship between social adjustments and self-efficacy of university students. The population of the study comprises all the BS program students studying in different departments of university of Sargodha. Students selected through multistage random sampling were 550. Research scales i.e. Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ) and General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) were adapted with permission to measure the self-efficacy and social adjustment of the students. Both the instruments were made bilingual (in English and Urdu) for clear comprehension of the students and better responses. Pilot testing was carried out with respect to 100 students and reliability coefficient Cronbach Alpha values for GSES, and SACQ were 0.70, and 0.90 respectively. The study was cross-sectional survey. Data analysed through frequencies, percentages and means were used to explore the social adjustment of students. T-test, one-way ANOVA was used to compare students’ social adjustment with respect to their demographic variables, and self-efficacy. The study led to the following major findings: majority of students have moderate social adjustment; male students had better social adjustment than female students; majority of the students—boarders, day scholars, urban, and rural had moderate and equivalent level social adjustment. Furthermore, students of 8th semester have better social adjustment than 2nd semester students and students with high self-efficacy have better social adjustments. Thus, it was recommended that guidance and counselling facilities regarding the value of university education be provided to students to motivate them to use study time efficiently at the university as well home.

How to Cite
ANWAR & SAIFULLAH KHAN, Mushtaq Ahmad, Muhammad Nadeem. Social adjustments and Self-efficacy of University Students. PUTAJ - Humanities and Social Sciences, [S.l.], v. 24, n. 2, p. 21-32, dec. 2017. ISSN 2219-245X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 may 2018.