Religion as a Voting Determinant in the Electoral Politics of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: A Comparative Study of 2002, 2008 and 2013 General Elections
This article explores the determinant of religious voting in the electoral politics of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) with reference to 2002, 2008 and 2013 General Elections. The study asserts that the theory of religious voting is applicable to some extent (55.1%) to the electoral politics of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This claim is based on the primary data collected through questionnaire from a sample number of 800 respondents, selected through multistage random and systematic sampling from the voter list in NA-2 Peshawar. With regard to 2002 general elections, the data reveals that more than seventy percent respondents (72.6%) supported religious voting. Similarly, with reference to 2008 general polls, hat less than fifty percent of the respondents (47%) favoured religious determinant of voting behaviour. Likewise, with respect to 2013 general elections, the data demonstrated that less than fifty percent of the voters (45.7%) based their electoral preferences on religious voting. The chi-square test, p-value, frequency distribution and percentage method have been used in making statistical analysis.